School-Age Language Development

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School is a time when children do a great deal of learning. In order to make the most of their learning opportunities, and to ensure that they are able to keep up in the classroom, they must be able to draw on a range of quite significant comprehension and expressive language skills. The following outlines some areas that a child entering or in school should have achieved:

  • Understands and follows long and unfamiliar instructions
  • Forms sentences with correct word use and placement
  • Uses correct pronouns, such as he, she, they, you, me, her, his, theirs, mine, etc.
  • Has a large vocabulary of around 10 thousand words
  • Understands similarities and opposites
  • Understands categories and relationships between words
  • Understands and enjoys telling jokes and silly stories
  • Tells long and imaginative stories
  • Listens to and can recount simple stories
  • Makes friends and interacts well with adults and peers

During their early primary school years, children’s language will continue to develop, including:

  • Significant increases in their vocabulary
  • Producing complex sentences with multiple clauses or components. For example, I want a dog, who has spots
  • Using time based words, such as then, before, now, after, when, and while correctly
  • Explaining complex concepts or situations
  • Telling stories with a notable structure, including introduction, climax and conclusion
  • Listening to and beginning to summarise and explain long and complex stories
  • Becoming aware of and able to use letters and numbers

If you have any questions or concerns about your child’s language development, or would like to make an appointment for an assessment or therapy, contact our Speech Pathologists today.